Looking To Learn More About STD Testing?
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are so common that about 19 million new cases appear each year in the United States. By the age of 25, about one-half of sexually active adults will have had an STD. Anyone who is sexually active knows the importance of using protection and getting tested. This is particularly important because some sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) may have no symptoms. You could have an STD and not even know it. However, it’s important to know what kinds of STD testing is available and what’s right for you. Which tests you take will depend on your age, your sexual activity and other factors.
Here are the most common STD tests:
- Chlamydia and gonorrhea
- HIV, syphilis and hepatitis
- Genital Herpes
What does STD testing entail?
Since there is no single test that can rule out all STDs, there are several kinds of tests you may have to go through for a complete screening. These tests may include:
- A physical exam to check for any unusual changes or sores
- A urine sample to test for chlamydia and gonorrhea
- An oral sample to test for HIV
- A blood sample to check for syphilis, herpes and HIV
- A swab sample to test for HPV (in women) and sometimes chlamydia and gonorrhea
STD Test Results?
Most samples must be sent to a lab for evaluation. While some testing offers same-day results (HIV), there are some tests that will take days. Always call to follow-up about your test results.
Who should get tested?
Everyone who is sexually active should be tested. Those at higher risk for STDs should be tested annually. This includes those who engage in risky sexual behaviors (e.g., not wearing protection), those who have multiple partners, those who have a new partner, and those who’ve had an STD. Pregnant women should also be tested.
If you experience any unusual changes or problems and you’re sexually active, it’s always best to schedule an appointment to rule out STDs.
For more information on STD Testing in Upper East Side, NY area call Sharon B. Diamond, MD at (212) 876-2200 today!